Links to Institutions and Websites

Sanitation focused web-sites

General sanitation and water related web-sites

Sanitation focused web-sites

Sanlexicon is a Wiki providing definitions of technical terms related to all aspects of sanitation and excreta management (technical, financial, institutional, social). It is an open source web platform designed to promote a common understanding of technical terms related to all aspects of sanitation and excreta. Sanlexicon is a joint initiative between the International Water Association and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Web site:

Sanitation Updates is a news feed on sanitation. Its purpose is to provide news, information and resources to promote the 2008 International Year of Sanitation.

Sanitation Connection is an Internet-based resource that gives you access to information on technologies, institutions and financing of sanitation systems around the world.http://world.

Sandec is the Centre for Sanitation in Developing Counries at EAWAG University in Switzerland. Sandec's activities center on problems of sustainable development in economically less developed countries. Its mandate is to assist in developing appropriate and sustainable water and sanitation concepts and technologies adapted to the different physical and socio-economic conditions. See Sandec's pages especially for Fecal Sludge Management and Strategic Environmental Sanitation Planning, and Decentralised Wastewater Treatment. Sandec is the Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries at the Swiss Federal Institute for Aquatic Science and Technology ( Eawag).

SanPlat website introduces the SanPlat System which was initially developed in 1979-89 in Mozambique and Malawi as a team work to make sanitation affordable and accessible for the lowest income groups. The SanPlat System was developed based on the experiences and opinions from many people and many countries, mostly African countries.

EcoSanRes Programme, financed by Sida, emphasizes pro-poor sustainable sanitation through development of regional nodes, capacity building and knowledge management, focusing on ecological sanitation. Its project pages make available among the other things 12 Fact Sheets including the Main Features of Ecological Sanitation, Guidelines on the Use of Urine and Faeces in Crop Production and Guidelines for the Safe Use of Urine and Faeces in Ecosan Systems, and has as a link to the revised and enlarged Edition of "Ecological Sanitation"

German Development Cooperation (GTZ) considers ecological sanitation as a new approach with a high potential. The GTZ ecosan programme supports the worldwide ecosan network through collecting, developing and disseminating knowledge and information on ecosan issues, and helps design and implement research and demonstration projects. GTZ's ecosan publications make available experience and lessons learnt from ecosan projects around the world. They provide guidance on policy development and project implementation, material for promotion, information and education, etc. Publications can also be ordered free of charge as hardcopy.

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General sanitation and water related web-sites

The Eldis Gateway to Development Information is a knowledge service managed by the Institute for Development Studies at the University of Sussex, UK, and has 18,096 online documents, of which more than 400 relate to sanitation directly.

TheGender and Water Alliance (GWA) is a global network of professionals with work in or related to the water and sanitation sector. Its aim is to promote women's and men's equitable access to and management of safe and adequate water, for domestic supply, sanitation, food security and environmental sustainability.

TheIRC International Water and Sanitation Centre works on the dissemination of knowledge and the building of capacity in partner organisations. An increasing number of IRC's publications are available online, free of charge, including the new online series of Thematic Overview Papers (TOPs), which combine recent experiences, expert opinions and foreseeable trends with links to the most informative publications, websites and research information. An electronic database (IRCDOC) contains 16,000 references, of which 423 on gender and sanitation and 105 on gender and hygiene. It links also to 720 web-based documents and webpages. IRCDOC is updated daily. Information can be retrieved by subject, author, title, publisher, date and type of publication.

The International Water Association (IWA) is a global network of water professinal, spanning the continuum between research and practice and covering all facets of the water cycle. IWA runs a series of events, projects, interest and specialist groupshelping members to share views, enhance knowledge and contribute to water development worldwide. Many of these groups are directly related to sanitation, including Sludge Management, Water Reuse, Resources Oriented Sanitation (EcoSan), and such technical groups as Anaerobic Digestion, Nutrient Removal and Recovery, and Waste Stabilization Ponds. IWA main web-site

le Programme Solidarite Eau contributes to improving knowledge and exchanges on drinking water and water infrastructure. Their web-site has a range of French and English publications, including "Smart sanitation solutions"

The Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) is a policy institute which advocates future-oriented, knowledge-integrated water views in decision making, nationally and internationally, that lead to sustainable use of the world’s water resources and sustainable development of societies. The SIWI web-site links also to the World Water Week in Stockholm, and the related resources. There are also a number of SIWI Publications, including Securing Sanitation: The Compelling Case to Address the Crisis (2005).

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) has a selection of technical, policy and advocacy documents on water, sanitation, hygiene and the environment, including the Technical Guideline Series. See also the UNICEF Publications page for additional water and sanitation-related titles.Toolkit on Hygiene, Sanitation & Water (2005) makes available information, resources, and tools that provide support to the preparation and implementation of Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water in Schools policies and projects. The toolkit is a joint product of the World Bank, WSP and UNICEF, and follows the FRESH (Focusing Resources on Effective School Health) framework (2003).

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is helping catalyze efforts toward achievement of the MDGs through its Water Governance Programme, and stands ready to work with UN-Water and other partners in advancing the Report’s recommendations. UNDP's the2006 Human Development Report (HDR 2006), Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisisemphasizes how achieving the eight MDGs very much depends on strengthening water governance at local, national, regional and global levels. See especially its Chapter 3 The vast deficit sanitation.

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment. Many of UNEP's thematic areas relate closely to sanitation and wastewater, including "Freshwater", "Regional seas", and "Environmental Assessment". UNEP main web-page:

The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) is the United Nations agency for human settlements to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all. A small number of sanitation related publications are available, see such as the HIV/AIDS checklist for water and Sanitation projects (2006) which is a reference guide on how to deal with the issues raised by HIV/AIDS in the project cycle and to help practitioners in the water and sanitation sector design appropriate HIV/AIDS strategies, components and indicators to respond to the pandemic.

The US Aid supported Environmental Health Project (EHP) developed a range of publicationsavailable on-line. See the following links for Environmental Health Publications and USAID's Environmental Health Division sponsored project links, including links to the Hygiene Improvement Project (HIP) and Public-Private Partnership on Handwashing (PPP Handwashing). Note that the Hygiene Impovement Programme is still active, whereas EHP no longer exists, although its publications are still available.

TheWater Environment Federation (WEF) is a not-for-profit technical and educational organization with more than 34,000 individual members and 81 affiliated Member Associations representing an additional 50,000 water quality professionals throughout the world. WEF and its member associations work to achieve our mission of preserving and enhancing the global water environment

WaterAid is an international non governmental organisation dedicated exclusively to the provision of safe domestic water, sanitation and hygiene education.Water Aid publicationsand reports on sanitation.

TheWater Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC)seeks to accelerate the achievement of sustainable sanitation, hygiene and water services to all people. WSSCC works to enhance collaboration and coordination of all sector stakeholders, nationally and internationally. It focuses on advocacy and awareness raising campaigns, and facilitating concerted action programmes focused at improved sanitation and hygiene service delivery, to be carried out through the Council's extensive membership and network of partners and collaborators. In 2008 its campaigns and website are focused in particular on the issues of sanitation and hygiene, with special attention to the unserved poor. SeeResources pages for publications, presentations, advocay materials and useful links.

WELL is a resource centre network providing access to information and support in water, sanitation and environmental health. WELLis managed by a core team led by Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) at Loughborough University, working in partnership with IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre (see above) and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM).

The World Health Organization (WHO) work on a number of aspects of water, sanitation and hygiene (WSH), and has made a range of information available on the internet. The on line documents include, among the others, guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, and water, sanitation and hygiene links to health: facts and figures updated November 2004.

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The views and opinions expressed in the publications and links are those of the author(s) and web-site owners, and do not necessarily reflect those of the World Bank, its Executive Directors, or the countries they represent. Any references provided in these pages to a specific product, process, or service is not intended as, and does not constitute or imply an endorsement by the World Bank of that product, process, service, or its producer or provider.
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