Chile - Diagnostico de la gestion de los recursos hidricos
The goal of the diagnosis of the water management system of Chile is an evaluation of those priority issues and major challenges to sustain the debate between water stakeholders, and possibly lead to a deeper sharing with a wider range of stakeholders and more detailed studies in the second phase planned for 2011. While some of the issues and problems identified in the diagnosis are very specific to the Water Resources Management system of Chile resulting from such particular physical characteristics and the evolution of political arrangements, legal and institutional sector and other water-other subjects are similar to those that are experimenting and trying to solve through a variety of ways other countries and regions with similar level of socioeconomic development and water resources. Although the situation of water resources in each country is unique, certain trends can be identified both in the evolution of the problems in the management of the resource. This diagnosis is not intended to explicitly address issues of Water Resources Management in Chile in the light of international experience, but this experience has influenced the view of experts, government officials and members of the Bank team who have contributed to the diagnosis and therefore the choice of the main challenges that have been identified in the report. For the second phase a more explicit consideration of the reform experiences of other comparable countries can be very useful. The report begins with a brief history of Chile's approach to Water Resources Management. The remainder of Chapter 2 discusses the current status of water resources, and the main drivers of change. Chapters 3 and 4 form the main part of the diagnosis, and dealing with the institutional arrangements under which they manage the supply and quality of water in Chile. Chapter 3 focuses on the legal and management instruments of the country's institutional arrangements, while Chapter 4 discusses organizations, including public and private entities that are involved in Water Resources Management in the country. Each chapter begins with a section that presents an overview of some key points, and the following sections identify priority areas, including an analysis of current issues and major challenges. The final chapter summarizes the main conclusions.
|Published by||World Bank|